New Frontiers in Paleopedology and Terrestrial Paleoclimatology—Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems

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New Frontiers in Paleopedology and Terrestrial Paleoclimatology—Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems

SEPM Special Publication 104

Steven G. Driese, Lee C. Nordt, Paul J. McCarthy

Publication date: 2013

After initial breakthroughs in the discovery of fossil soils, or paleosols in the 1970s and early 1980s, the last several decades of intensified research have revealed the much greater role that these deposits can play in reconstructing ancient Earth surface systems. Research currently focuses on terrestrial paleoclimatology, in which climates of the past are reconstructed at temporal scales ranging from hundreds to millions of years, using paleosols as archives of that information. Such research requires interdisciplinary study of soils conducted in both modern and ancient environments. These issues and many others were discussed at the joint SEPM-NSF Workshop "Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems", held at Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona in September of 2010. The papers presented in this volume are largely an extension of that workshop and cover topics ranging from historical perspectives, followed by lessons from studies of surface soil systems, with examples crossing between soils and applications to paleosols. The remainder of the volume begins with an examination of the relationship between paleosols and alluvial stratigraphy and depositional systems, and ends with three case studies of ancient soil systems. Because some readers may find the nomenclature rather "foreign" the editors have included a glossary of pedological terms at the end of the volume. These papers incorporate data from studies of surface soil systems as well as deep-time sedimentary rock successions and are designed to provide sedimentary geologists with an overview of our current knowledge of paleosols and their use in interpreting past climates, landscapes, and atmospheric chemistry.

PDF ebook file size: 51 mb

ISBN 978-1-56576-322-7
eISBN 978-1-56576-303-6

Title information



New Frontiers in Paleopedology and Terrestrial Paleoclimatology: Paleosols and Soil Surface Analog Systems
Steven G. Driese and Lee C. Nordt

Historical Perspective

A Short History and Long Future for Paleopedology
Gregory J. Retallack

Lessons from Surface Soil Systems

Carbon Stable Isotope Composition of Modern Calcareous Soil Profiles in California: Implications for CO2 Reconstructions from Calcareous Paleosols
Neil J. Tabor, Timothy S. Myers, Erik Gulbranson, Craig Rasmussen, and Nathan D. Sheldon

CO2 Concentrations in Vertisols: Variability and Shrink–Swell
Daniel O. Breecker, Junyeon Yoon, Lauren A. Michel, Takele M. Dinka, Steven G. Driese, Jason S. Mintz, Lee C. Nordt, Katherine D. Romanak, and Cristine L.S. Morgan

Groundwater-Fed Wetland Sediments and Paleosols: It’s All about Water Table
Gail M. Ashley, Daniel M. Deocampo, Julia Kahmann-Robinson, and Steven G. Driese

Soil and Landscape Memory of Climate Change—How Sensitive, How Connected?
H. Curtis Monger and David M. Rachal

From Soils to Paleosols

Using Paleosols to Understand Paleo-Carbon Burial
Nathan D. Sheldon and Neil J. Tabor

Paleoclimatic Applications and Modern Process Studies of Pedogenic Siderite
Greg A. Ludvigson, Luis A. González, David A. Fowle, Jennifer A. Roberts, Steven G. Driese, Mark A. Villareal, Jon J. Smith, and Marina B. Suarez

Multianalytical Pedosystem Approach to Characterizing and Interpreting the Fossil Record of Soils
Lee C. Nordt, Charles T. Hallmark, Steven G. Driese, and Stephen I. Dworkin

Relationship to Alluvial Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems

Alluvial Stacking Pattern Analysis and Sequence Stratigraphy: Concepts and Case Studies
Stacy C. Atchley, Lee C. Nordt, Stephen I. Dworkin, David M. Cleveland, Jason S. Mintz, and R. Hunter Harlow

Prograding Distributive Fluvial Systems—Geomorphic Models and Ancient Examples
G.S. Weissmann, A.J. Hartley, L.A. Scuderi, G.J. Nichols, S.K. Davidson, A. Owen, S.C. Atchley, P. Bhattacharya, T. Chakraborty, P. Ghosh, L.C. Nordt, L. Michel, and N.J. Tabor

Soil Development on Modern Distributive Fluvial Systems: Preliminary Observations with Implications for Interpretation of Paleosols in the Rock Record
Adrian J. Hartley, Gary S. Weissmann, Proma Bhattacharya, Gary J. Nichols, Louis A. Scuderi, Stephanie K. Davidson, Sophie Leleu, Tapan Chakraborty, Parthasarathi Ghosh, and Anne E. Mather

Case Studies of Ancient Soil Systems

A Pedostratigraphic Approach to Nonmarine Sequence Stratigraphy: A Three-Dimensional Paleosol-Landscape Model from the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Dunvegan Formation, Alberta and British Columbia
Paul J. McCarthy and A. Guy Plint

Anatomy, Evolution, and Paleoenvironmental Interpretation of an Ancient Arctic Coastal Plain: Integrated Paleopedology and Palynology from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Prince Creek Formation, North Slope, Alaska, USA
Peter P. Flaig, Paul J. McCarthy, and Anthony R. Fiorillo

Integrated Paleopedology and Palynology from Alluvial Paleosols of the Cretaceous (Cenomanian) Dunvegan Formation, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada: Paleoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Implications
Jacob R. Mongrain, Paul J. McCarthy, A. Guy Plint, and Sarah J. Fowell

Early Cambrian Humid, Tropical, Coastal Paleosols from Montana, USA
Gregory J. Retallack


Glossary of Paleopedological Terms used in Assembled Papers
Paul J. McCarthy, Lee C. Nordt, and Steven G. Driese

PDF ebook file size: 51 mb

Pages: 275
Publisher: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology)
Average: 5 (1 vote)