From River to Rock Record—The Preservation of Fluvial Sediments and Their Subsequent Interpretation

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From River to Rock Record—The Preservation of Fluvial Sediments and Their Subsequent Interpretation

SEPM Special Publication 97

Stephanie K. Davidson, Sophie Leleu, Colin P. North

Publication date: 2011
Subject: Clastics

Over the last couple of decades, fluvial geomorphology and fluvial sedimentary geology have been developing in parallel, rather than in conjunction as might be desired. This volume is the result of the editors' attempt to bridge this gap in order to understand better how sediments in modern rivers become preserved in the rock record, and to improve interpretation from that record of the history of past environmental conditions. The catalyst for the volume was a conference with the same that was hosted at the University of Aberdeen School of Geosciences, in Aberdeen, Scotland, on 12-14 January 2009. The conferences brought together a broad spectrum of geomorphology and sedimentology researchers, from academia and industry. This interdisciplinary mix of experts considered and discussed ideas and examples ranging through timescales from the annual movement of individual river bars to sequence stratigraphic analysis of major sedimentary basins spanning millions of years. The articles in this volume are a mixture of novel concepts, new evaluations of the perceived wisdom about rivers and their sediments, and improved understanding derived from recent experience in interpreting the rock record. This volume usefully illustrates the current state of knowledge and will provide a stimulus for further research, particularly work that integrates geomorphological and sedimentological approaches and emphasizes crossdisciplinary communication.

PDF ebook file size: 127 mb

ISBN 978-1-56576-305-0
eISBN 978-1-56576-307-4

Title information



From River to Rock Record: The Preservation of Fluvial Sediments and Their Subsequent Interpretation
Stephanie K. Davidson, Sophie Leleu, and Colin P. North

Lessons from the Modern

Interpretation of Ancient Fluvial Channel Deposits: Review and Recommendations
Frank G. Ethridge

Architecture and Depositional Style of Fluvial Systems before Land Plants: A Comparison of Precambrian, Early Paleozoic, and Modern River Deposits
Darrel G.F. Long

River Terraces in the Rock Record: An Overlooked Landform in Geological Interpretation?
Stuart G. Archer, Reynir Fjalar Reynisson, and Anne M. Schwab

Short Term: Autogenically Dominated?

Fluvial Systems and Their Deposits in Hot, Seasonal Semiarid and Subhumid Settings: Modern and Ancient Examples
Christopher R. Fielding, Jonathan P. Allen, Jan Alexander, Martin R. Gibling, Michael C. Rygel, and John H. Calder

Interpreting Fluvial Hydromorphology from the Rock Record: Large-River Peak Flows Leave No Clear Signature
Suzanne F. Leclair

Pedogenic and Sedimentologic Criteria for Recognition of Overbank Sub-Environments in a Triassic Anabranching-River Deposit
Parthasarathi Ghosh and Soumen Sarkar

Stratigraphy of Counter-Point-Bar and Eddy-Accretion Deposits in Low-Energy Meander Belts of The Peace-Athabasca Delta, Northeast Alberta, Canada
Derald G. Smith, Stephen M. Hubbard, Jason R. Lavigne, Dale A. Leckie, and Milovan Fustic

Fluvial Paleotransport Derived from Trough Cross-Bedding: Example from the Lower Clair Group, West of Shetland, Using Oriented Whole-Core Images
Andrew Smalley

Downstream Changes and Associated Fluvial-Eolian Interactions in an Ancient Terminal Fluvial System: The Permian Organ Rock Formation, SE Utah, U.S.A.
Stephen A. Cain and Nigel P. Mountney

Medium Term: Complex Control Interactions

Architecture and Behavior of Dryland Fluvial Reservoirs, Triassic Skagerrak Formation, Central North Sea
Tom McKie

Avulsion and Its Implications for Fluvial-Deltaic Architecture: Insights from the Holocene Rhine–Meuse Delta
Esther Stouthamer, Kim M. Cohen, and Marc J.P. Gouw

A Tidally Influenced, High-Latitude Coastal-Plain: The Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Prince Creek Formation, North Slope, Alaska
Peter P. Flaig, Paul J. McCarthy, and Anthony R. Fiorillo

Role of Scouring and Base-Level Change in Producing Anomalously Thick Fluvial Successions: An Example from the Tana River, Northern Norway
Raymond S. Eilertsen and Geoffrey D. Corner

Depositional Dynamics and Preservation Potential in a Progradational Lacustrine Fluvio-Deltaic Setting: Implications for High- Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy (Upper Triassic, Northwestern China)
Jens Hornung and Matthias Hinderer

Pedogenic and Non-Pedogenic Calcretes in the Devonian Ridgeway Conglomerate Formation of SW Wales, UK: A Cautionary Tale
Robert D. Hillier, Susan B. Marriott, and Brian P.J. Williams

Alluvial Facies Distributions in Continental Sedimentary Basins—Distributive Fluvial Systems
Gary S. Weissmann, Adrian J. Hartley, Gary J. Nichols, Louis A. Scuderi, Michelle E. Olson, Holly A. Buehler, and Lauren C. Massengill

Long Term: Allogenically Dominated?

Preservation of a Long-Lived Fluvial System in a Mountain Chain: The Tagliamento Valley (Southeastern Italian Alps)
Giovanni Monegato and Cristina Stefani

Lateral and Vertical Variability of Channel Belt Stacking Density as a Function of Subsidence and Sediment Supply: Field Evidence from the Intramountaine Ko¨ro¨ s Basin, Hungary
Annama´ Ria Na´ Dor and Orsolya Sztano´

Deposystems, Paleosols, and Climatic Variability in a Continental System: The Upper Triassic Chinle Formation, Colorado Plateau, U.S.A.
Russell F. Dubiel and Stephen T. Hasiotis

Alluvial Valleys and Alluvial Sequences: Towards A Geomorphic Assessment
Martin R. Gibling, Christopher R. Fielding, and Rajiv Sinha

PDF ebook file size: 127 mb

Pages: 423
Publisher: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology)
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